Pediatric Audiology & PhoniatryTo make an appointment please call 22 658 04 56 or 783 959 687
What is audiology and phoniatry?
Audiology is a branch of medicine dealing with diseases of the organ of hearing. Patients suffering from hearing disorders visit the audiologist office most commonly presenting the following symptoms:
Impaired hearing (eg. The systematic need for increasing the volume of appliances such as radio or TV)
Difficulty to understanding the speech of others, the impression that their speech is slurred
- Delayed speech development in children
Phoniatry is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of voice and speech. Patients are report to phoniatrist because of:
- Hoarse voice
- Voice fatigability
- Loss of voice
- Chronic cough
- Incorrect voice pitch (eg. Persistent high pitch after the voice mutation)
The most common symptoms in children requiring phoniatrist consultation are:
- Hoarse voice
- Repeated laryngitis
- Shortness of breath during inspiration
- Delayed speech development
Pediatric audiology and phoniatry – types of diagnostic tests.
1. Pure tone audiometry with an audiogram.
Assesses hearing threshold, so that in the case of hearing deficit we are able to determine the type and span of hearing impairment. This diagnostic test allows to determine if the cause of hearing loss is located in the middle ear, the inner ear or proximal sections of the auditory pathway. This test is required for individuals who are exposed at their work to the factors damaging the organ of hearing (noise, vibration, chemicals).
2. Speech audiometry.
This test enables to define the ability to understand speech at a certain volume level of the speech signal. The specific set of commands or words is told and the examined patient is asked to repeat them properly.
3. Psychoacoustic tests (SIS / ABLB / Fowler).
A subjective test enabling to localize the damage of the hearing organ.
4. Decay test.
Assesses decay time of pure tone hearing for different over the threshold levels. Performed at 1 kHz and for 2 other selected frequencies at which the hearing impairment is observed. Indications: differential diagnosis of the location of hearing damage; suspected extracohlear location of the damage of the hearing organ, tinnitus.